Kish Free Zone Organization


Harireh Ancient City

After the earthquake of the historical port of Siraf in 365 AH, Kish Island received more attention, and it began to get more civilized. The historical remains and evidence available as historical hills on the northern coast of the Island show the existence of a large city, which today is known as the historic city of Harireh. Many historical documents and references point to the dramatic boom of Kish Island.

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Harireh Ancient City

The Persian Gulf and its islands have always been an integral part of the great empire of Iran and the intersection of the sea routes between the east and the west, along the most ancient trade route (Silk Road).

The ancient city of Harireh has been registered as a national monument with the number 1886.

Geographically located in the northern part of magnificent Kish Island, Harireh offers a glimpse of ancient architecture. Though not much of it remains intact today, the ruins suggest a once-thriving region. Excavation of this site estimates that it was established around 1000 and abandoned 600 years later. The ruins of the ancient city of Harireh extend over 120 hectares. This vast area tells the tale that a large and prosperous city once existed in this region with a thriving population. What remains of it today is a volume of urban architecture, but rarely will an arch, cover, or ceiling be seen intact, except for a few instances where arched stone ceilings have remained unchanged from the detriments of destruction. The Port of ancient Harireh was a concrete, well-knit city with extroverted architecture.

Since 1991, scattered and limited archaeological digs have been carried out in the remains of the ancient city of Harireh, leading to the discovery of various buildings such as a mosque, a bathroom, a part of a glass workshop, a port, and an aristocratic mansion.

The establishment and proximity of valuable, influential elements in the ancient city of Harireh, such as the mansion, historical bath, historical mosques, glass workshop, Harireh port complex, hand-made port wells, date juice extraction workshop, are uniquely adjacent to natural features such as the Green Tree Complex and the azure sea of the Persian Gulf. Due to the comprehensiveness of the historical-cultural complex of Harireh city and its surroundings, we can emphasize the importance of tourism, economic development, and development opportunities in this region. Also, to enhance the role of the Harireh city area, and its surroundings.

The Research Institute of Cultural Heritage and Harireh Museum have taken a positive step towards inscribing the historic city of Harireh in the UNESCO's Tentative List of World Heritage sites to highlight the role of the historical site and turn it into a cultural heritage and tourism base.